PM's Profile

हिन्दी में
Dr. Manmohan Singh
Prime Minister of India
Personal Profile

India’s fourteenth Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh is rightly acclaimed as a thinker and a scholar. He is well regarded for his diligence and his academic approach to work, as well as his accessibility and his unassuming demeanour.

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was born on September 26, 1932, in a village in the Punjab province of undivided India. Dr. Singh completed his Matriculation examinations from the Punjab University in 1948. His academic career took him from Punjab to the University of Cambridge, UK, where he earned a First Class Honours degree in Economics in 1957. Dr. Singh followed this with a D. Phil in Economics from Nuffield College at Oxford University in 1962. His book, “India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth” [Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1964] was an early critique of India’s inward-oriented trade policy.

Dr. Singh’s academic credentials were burnished by the years he spent on the faculty of Punjab University and the prestigious Delhi School of Economics. He had a brief stint at the UNCTAD Secretariat as well, during these years. This presaged a subsequent appointment as Secretary General of the South Commission in Geneva between 1987 and 1990.

In 1971, Dr. Singh joined the Government of India as Economic Advisor in the Commerce Ministry. This was soon followed by his appointment as Chief Economic Advisor in the Ministry of Finance in 1972. Among the many Governmental positions that Dr. Singh has occupied are Secretary in the Ministry of Finance; Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission; Governor of the Reserve Bank of India; Advisor of the Prime Minister; and Chairman of the University Grants Commission.

In what was to become the turning point in the economic history of independent India, Dr. Singh spent five years between 1991 and 1996 as India’s Finance Minister. His role in ushering in a comprehensive policy of economic reforms is now recognized worldwide. In the popular view of those years in India, that period is inextricably associated with the persona of Dr. Singh.

Among the many awards and honours conferred upon Dr. Singh in his public career, the most prominent are India’s second highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan (1987); the Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award of the Indian Science Congress (1995); the Asia Money Award for Finance Minister of the Year (1993 and 1994); the Euro Money Award for Finance Minister of the Year (1993), the Adam Smith Prize of the University of Cambridge (1956); and the Wright’s Prize for Distinguished Performance at St. John’s College in Cambridge (1955). Dr. Singh has also been honoured by a number of other associations including the Japanese Nihon Keizai Shimbun. Dr. Singh is a recipient of honorary degrees from many universities including the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford.

Dr. Singh has represented India at many international conferences and in several international organizations. He has led Indian Delegations to the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Cyprus (1993) and to the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna in 1993.

In his political career, Dr. Singh has been a Member of India’s Upper House of Parliament (the Rajya Sabha) since 1991, where he was Leader of the Opposition between 1998 and 2004. Dr. Manmohan Singh was sworn in as Prime Minister on 22nd May after the 2004 general elections and took the oath of office for a second term on 22nd May 2009.

Dr. Singh and his wife Mrs. Gursharan Kaur have three daughters.

                                                  ACADEMIC RECORD 
D. Phil., Nuffield College, University of Oxford.  Topic: India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth.  [Published by Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1964]  
1957 Economic Tripos [First Class honours], University of Cambridge  
1954 M.A. Economics, Panjab University – First Class with first position in the University
1952 B.A. Economics(Hons.), Panjab University – Second Class with first  position in the University  
1950 Intermediate Panjab University – First Class with first position in the University  
1948 Matriculation, Panjab University – First class  
                                                  PRIZES AND AWARDS 
2000 Conferred  Annasaheb Chirmule Award by  the W.LG.  alias  Annasaheb Chirmule Trust setup by United Western Bank Limited, Satara, Maharashtra  
1999   Received H.H. Kanchi Sri Paramacharya Award for Excellence from  Shri R. Venkataraman, former President of India and Patron,  The Centenarian Trust  
1999 Fellow of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi.  
1997 Conferred Lokmanya Tilak Award by the Tilak Smarak Trust, Pune
1997 Received Justice K.S. Hegde Foundation Award for the year 1996  
1997 Awarded Nikkei Asia prize for Regional Growth by the Nihon 
Keizai Shimbun Inc. (NIKKEI), publisher of Japan’s leading business daily  
1996   Honorary Professor, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi  
1995 Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award of the Indian Science 
Congress Association for 1994-95  
1994 Asiamoney Award, Finance Minister of the Year  
1994 Elected Distinguished Fellow, London School of Economics, Centre  for Asia Economy, Politics and Society  
1994 Elected Honorary Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford, 
Oxford, U.K.  
1994 Honorary Fellow, All India Management Association  
1993   Euromoney Award, Finance Minister of the year
1993   Asiamoney Award, Finance Minister of the Year  
1987 Padma Vibhushan Award by the President of India
1986 National Fellow, national Institute of Education, N.C.E.R.T.  
1985 Elected President, Indian economic Association
1982   Elected Honorary Fellow, st. John’s College, Cambridge,
1982 Elected Honorary Fellow, Indian Institute of bankers
1976 Honorary Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
1957 Elected Wrenbury Scholar, University of Cambridge, U.K.
1955 Awarded Wright’s Prize for distinguished performance, &
St. John’s college, Cambridge, U.K.
1956 Awarded Adam Smith Prize, University of Cambridge, U.K.  
1954 Uttar Chand Kapur Medal, Panjab university, for standing first in
M.A.(Economics), panjab University, Chandigarh
1952 University Medal for standing First in B.A. Hon.(Economics),
panjab University, Chandigarh  
Recipient of Honorary Degrees of D.Litt. from :  
- Panjab University, Chandigarh  
- Guru Nanak University, Amritsar  
- Delhi University, Delhi  
- Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi  
- University of Bologna, Italy  
- University of Mysore, Mysore  
- Chaudhary charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (D.Sc) 
- Kurukshetra University  
- Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, patiala (D.Sc)  
- Nagarjuna University, Nagarjunanagar  
- Osmania University, Hyderabad  
- University of Roorkee, Roorkee (Doctor of Social Sciences)  
-   Doctor of Laws by the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada  
- Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University (formerly Agra University) - Doctor Letters degree  
- Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad (Deemed University)  D.Sc. (Honoris Causa)
- Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur  
                                  WORK EXPERIENCE AND POSITIONS HELD
May 22, 2004 – till date:   Prime Minister of India
March 21, 1998 – May 22,2004: Leader of Opposition, Rajya Sabha (Council of States) Parliament of  India
June, 2001: Re-elected as member of Rajya  
Sabha for a Term of six years  
August 1, 1996 - Dec 4, 1997: Chairman, Parliamentary Standing
Committee on Commerce, Rajya Sabha 
June 21, 1991- May 15, 1996: Finance Minister of India  
June, 1995: Re-elected Member of Rajya
Sabha for a term of six years  
September, 1991:     Elected Member of Rajya Sabha    
March 1991-June 1991:     Chairman, University Grants Commission  
Dec 1990 – March 1991:   Advisor to Prime Minister of India on
Economic Affairs
August 1987 – Nov 1990:       Secretary General and Commissioner,
South Commission  
Jan 1985- July 1987:     Dy. Chairman, Planning Commission
of India  
Sept 1982 – Jan 1985:       Governor, Reserve Bank of India
April 1980 – Sept 1982:       Member-Secretary, Planning
Commission, India  
Nov.1976 – April 1980:           Secretary, Ministry of Finance  
Dept. of Economic Affairs,  
Government of India  
Member [Finance], Atomic Energy  
Commission, Govt. of  India
Member [Finance], Space 
Commission, Govt. of India  
1972 – 1976:         Chief Economic Adviser, Ministry of
Finance, India    
1971 – 1972:       Economic Adviser, Ministry of
Foreign Trade, India  
1969 – 1971:       Professor of International Trade, 
Delhi School of Economics,
Delhi University, India    
1966 – 1969:       UNCTAD, United Nations Secretariat,
New York  
Chief, Financing for Trade  Section
1966 : Economic Affairs Officer    
1957 – 1965         : Panjab University, Chandigarh 
 1963-65 : Professor of Economics
 1959-63 : Reader in Economics 
 1957-59 : Senior Lecturer in economics
                                                  OTHER ASSIGNMENTS
Leader of the Indian delegation to the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, Cyprus (1993)  
Leader of the Indian delegation to the Human Rights World Conference, Vienna (1993) 
Governor of India on the Board of Governors of the IMF and the International Bank of Reconstruction & Development (1991-95)  
Appointed by Prime Minister of India as Member, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (1983-84)  
Chairman, India Committee of the Indo-japan ;Joint Study Committee (1980-83)
- Leader, Indian Delegation to :  
Indo-Soviet Monitoring Group Meeting (1982)  
Indo-Soviet Joint Planning Group Meeting (1980-82)  
Aid India Consortium Meetings (1977-79)  
- Member Indian Delegation to :  
South-South Consultation, New Delhi (1982)  
Cancun Summit on North-South Issues (1981)  
Aid-India Consortium Meetings, Paris (1973-79)  
Annual Meetings of IMF, IBRD & Commonwealth 
Finance Ministers (1972-79) 
Third Session of UNCTAD, Santiago (April-May 1972)
Meetings of UNCTAD Trade & Development Board, 
Geneva (May 1971 – July 1972)
Ministerial Meeting of Group of 77, Lima (Oct.1971)
- Deputy for India on IMF Committee of Twenty on  
  International Monetary Reform (1972 – 74)  
- Associate, Meetings of IMF Interim Committee and Joint  
  Fund-Bank Development Committee (1976-80, 1982-85)
- Alternate Governor for India, Board of Governors of   
  IBRD (1976-80)  
- Alternate Governor  for India, Board of Governors of the
  IMF (1982-85)  
- Alternate Governor for India, Board of Governors, Asian
  Development Bank, Manila (1976-80)  
- Director, Reserve Bank of India (1976-80)  
- Director, Industrial Development Bank of India (1976-80)
- Participated in Commonwealth Prime Ministers Meeting,   
  Kingston (1975)  
- Represented Secretary;-General UNCTAD at several  
  inter-governmental meetings including :  
       Second Session of UNCTAD, 1968  
       Committee on Invisibles & Financing Related to Trade, 
       Consultant to UNCTAD, ESCAP and Commonwealth 
- Member, International Organizations :  
Appointed as Member by the Secretary-General, United Nations of a Group of Eminent Persons to advise him on Financing for Development (December, 2000)  
(i)         Author of book “India’s Export Trends and Prospects
            for Self-Sustained Growth” 
            [Clarendon Press, Oxford University, 1964]  
(ii)        Have published a large number of articles in 
            economic journals  
            S/o. Shri Gurmukh Singh  
            Born on 26th September, 1932  
            Married in 1958 to Smt. Gursharan Kaur  
            Have three daughters